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Весь англоязычный интернет является полезным ресурсом, из недавних встреч мне понравился сайт
Grammar lessons, exercises, and rules for everyday use
много интересных и полезных материалов.
Один из интересных наборов ссылок составила и вела, а может ведёт и сейчас, активистка группы новостей alt.english.usage, Donna Richoux:
Last Revised 2002-08-12 (12 Aug 2002)
Where to find previous postings
Where to learn about ASCII IPA
Learning English as a Foreign Language
On-line dictionaries: general
On-line dictionaries: Historical and Special Purpose
Acronyms and abbreviations
Sites on words and language
Writing and Grammar Guides On Line
Encyclopedias & Search Engines
Black English (African-American Vernacular English, Ebonics)
Historical English, and English Literature
If you suspect your topic has already been discussed, even though it is
not in the FAQ, please check for articles, following the appropriate
search guidelines, at the
Google Usenet archive,
which holds articles since 1995:
ASCII IPA is a way of expressing pronunciation on Usenet. It is a
version of the International Phonetic Alphabet, using only the ASCII
symbols (basic keyboard characters). There's a
guide to ASCII IPA,
including illustrative sound files, at
A detailed specification of the ASCII IPA transcriptions scheme,
including tables showing the mapping to and from
can be found at
Good entry points to the many resources on the Web are:
English as a Second Language
Dave's ESL Cafe
The Taiwan Teacher
English as 2nd Language
ESL Resources at Purdue University
- covers common grammar issues
See also "Writing and Grammar Guides On Line," below.
The a.u.e Audio Archive -- Listen to sound files of
speakers from England, Cornwall, Canada, Ireland, and the US saying
'Bother, Father caught hot coffee in the car park' and other examples of
IDEA, the International Dialects of English Archive
-- Large collection
of MP3 speech files from around the world.
-- sound clips of 6 kinds of English plus 9 other languages
Pronunciation Voice of America
- 3000 soundfiles of placenames & people
maintains a Web page with pointers to numerous wordlists on
the net - for UK English, US English and a number of other languages.
Many are bare lists of words but some have other info. There is also
information on word and letter frequency and on phonetic alphabets
(Alpha Bravo). The page has recently moved to:
The Moby Project
has large downloadable lists of words: Hyphenator,
5-Language, Parts-of-Speech, Pronunciator (American), Shakespeare,
Thesaurus, and American Words.
The National Puzzlers' League
provides a search engine for words listed
in a number of dictionaries (including W2 and SOED):
Please look up simple questions of meaning and origin in a dictionary before posting to the group. There are now several large, recent dictionaries on-line to choose from.
10th Edition, 1994. With US pronunciations.
which searches over 500 dictionaries at a single stroke.
Dictionary.com, based on theAmerican Heritage Dictionary
Cambridge International Dictionary,
also Idioms & Phrasal Verbs
American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms
Encarta World English Dictionary
Macquarie Dictionary (Australian)
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
The Web of On-line Dictionaries,
with links to many bilingual, slang, hobby, science, etc, dictionaries:
with over 50 specialty dictionaries including slang, idiom,
placenames, and quotations. Many are Oxford publications.
- includes "X is a kind of..." and "X consists of..."
American Dictionary of the English Language
Revised Unabridged Dictionary
The Century Dictionary,
1914 (12 volumes scanned):
The Oxford English Dictionary
is available for a subscription fee:
Hobson-Jobson:Anglo-Indian Glossary, 1903
The Jargon Lexicon
- on computer and hi-tech terms
Onelook (above) finds many initialisms. Two other searchable databases are:
The a.u.e webmaster has arranged to link the indexes of many of these
sites. Enter your search word once at the AUE Website and get links to
each place the term is discussed.
The Maven's Word of the Day
A dictionary editor answers word questions. Large archive.
Common Errors in English
-- Tips on hundreds of confusing words and
pairs such as affect/effect, adapt/adopt, advice/advise, etc.
World Wide Words
-- Discusses new words and the
reappearance of old ones. Q&A section.
Evan Morris,The Word Detective
-- Answers questions on origins of
colorful words and phrases. Large archive.
-- A linguistics professor gives masterful explanations of
how language really works
-- language and linguistics questions commonly asked
Take Our Word
-- the Weekly Word-origin Webzine
Dave Wilton's Etymology Page
Sharp Points by Bill Walsh
-- real-life copy editing dilemmas
Atlas of North American English
-- Maps and articles on regional
dialects in the US. Knowledge of basic linguistics advised.
-- links to dictionaries, translators, language sites, etc.
Fun with Words
-- unusual words, lists of oddities, etc.
The Journal of Recreational Linguistics
Grammar and Style Notes by Jack Lynch
Handbook of Style,
by Merriam-Webster, Inc.
Guide to Grammar and Writing,
by Charles Darling
The Online English Grammar,
by Anthony Hughes
-- conjugate any English verb; other languages, too.
Two style guides for British publications:
Basics of diagramming sentences
-- two British style guides: The Oxford Companion to the English
Language, and The New Fowler's Modern English Usage
-- two US style guides: American Heritage Book of English
Usage, and Strunk's Elements of Style (1916 edition)
The Internet Grammar of English:
modern grammar (word classes, etc.)
The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University
The Plain English Campaign:
guides to writing letters, reports, etc.
Garbl's Writing Resources On Line:
A descriptive list of links about writing, and a style manual
Yahoo! Grammar & Usage -- A long list of sites.
Zuzu's Petals Literary Resource:
A large and well-maintained collection
of links on every aspect of writing. Look here to find style guides,
copyright laws, and much more.
Sometimes, language questions are tied closely to history, science,
geography, and other factual matters. Web search engines such as
MetaCrawler, Google, and many others can help. Each has its strengths
and weaknesses. For a list of
21 major search engines
, go to:
There are also on-line encyclopedias and "reference books":
-- search two dozen reference works simultaneously, both recent
and older. Includes Columbia Encyclopedia and quotation guides.
- many references linked to a single home page
The American-British British-American Dictionary
Estuary English - recent developments in England
The Best of British
African American Vernacular English (Ebonics)
by Jack Sidnell
The Center for Applied Linguistics:
Ebonics Information Page
John Lawler on Ebonics:
a statement by linguists, bibliography & links:
African-American History and Culture
Characteristic Features of AAVE
Megalist of Word Links -- History Section:
A good starting point with links to a number of sites on the
development, grammar, pronunciation, and literature of Old English or
Anglo-Saxon (example, Beowulf) and Middle English (example, Chaucer).
I have not yet found a good site about "Early Modern English," but you can use these two sites to search for your own usage examples:
Search Shakespeare sites
http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/ (search single plays only)
- Search the Bible (King James and other versions)
A brief page on
"Thou, Thee & Archaic Grammar"
is now in the Grammar section of the AUE FAQ Supplement:
Sites for "Modern English" literature from 1700-2000:
- search many classic novels and essays simultaneously.
- another quick-search site
The On-Line Books Page
-- thousands of works of literature that are
available for free download & search. Includes Project Gutenberg titles.
Collins Cobuild Corpus Concordance Sampler
- search for recent usages
This series of seven "Intro Documents" is intended to aid newcomers to
the newsgroup. The articles are posted frequently here, and are also on
the Web for your convenience, at:
At that site, you will also find our full FAQ and other helpful information.
Comments and corrections to these Intro documents should be emailed to me.